5. Preventing the Spread of MRSA
Cleaning and Disinfection
Frequent cleaning and disinfection of potentially contaminated surfaces and equipment is an important step to take to prevent the transmission of MRSA, especially if someone in your household, facility or institution has a MRSA infection. According to guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,16 it is important to select a disinfectant that has been approved by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to kill S. aureus or MRSA (look for the list of microorganisms on the product label). Be sure to wear any protective equipment, such as gloves, that the label requires. If required by the directions for use, first clean off dirt and organic material; this will ensure that the disinfectant is effective. Also make sure the disinfectant stays wet on the surface for the contact time listed on the label. This is the time that the disinfectant must remain on a surface in order to be effective.16
Below are some Clorox Healthcare and CloroxPro disinfectant products that have EPA-approved claims to kill MRSA and S. aureus in the environment. Always follow the directions for use on the label when cleaning and disinfecting.
|Product||EPA reg. no.||Active ingredient||Contact/Wet Time
|Clorox Healthcare® Bleach Germicidal Wipes||67619-12||Sodium hypochlorite||30 sec|
|Clorox Healthcare® Bleach Germicidal Cleaner||56392-7||Sodium hypochlorite||1 min|
|Clorox Healthcare® Fuzion™ Cleaner Disinfectant||67619-30||Sodium hypochlorite||1 min|
|Dispatch® Hospital Cleaner Disinfectant Towels with Bleach||56392-8||Sodium hypochlorite||1 min|
|Clorox® Germicidal Bleach||67619-32||Sodium hypochlorite||5 min|
|Tilex® Disinfects Instant Mold and Mildew Remover||5813-24-67619||Sodium hypochlorite||5 min|
|Clorox® Clean-Up® Disinfectant Cleaner with Bleach1||67619-17||Sodium hypochlorite||30 sec|
|Clorox Healthcare® Hydrogen Peroxide Cleaner Disinfectant Wipes||67619-25||Hydrogen peroxide||1 min|
|Clorox Healthcare® Hydrogen Peroxide Cleaner Disinfectant||67619-24||Hydrogen peroxide||1 min|
|Clorox Healthcare® Multi-Surface Quat Alcohol Cleaner Disinfectant Wipes||70144-2-67619||Quaternary ammonium chloride||2 min|
|Clorox® Broad Spectrum Quaternary Disinfectant Cleaner||70144-2-67619||Quaternary ammonium chloride||30 sec|
|Clorox® Pro Quaternary All-Purpose Disinfectant Cleaner1||1839-166-67619||Quaternary ammonium chloride||10 min|
|Clorox® Total 360® Cleaner Disinfectant4||1839-220-67619||Quaternary ammonium chloride||2 min|
|Clorox Healthcare® Disinfecting Wipes||67619-9||Quaternary ammonium chloride||4 min|
|Clorox® Disinfecting Spray||67619-21||Quaternary ammonium chloride||3 min|
|Clorox Healthcare® EZ-Kill® Quat Alcohol Cleaner Disinfectant Wipes||59894-10-67454||Quaternary ammonium chloride, alcohol||2 min|
|Clorox Healthcare® Citrace Hospital Disinfectant & Deodorizer||67619-29||Alcohol, glycol ether||5 min|
|Clorox® 4-in-One Disinfectant & Sanitizer||67619-29||Alcohol, glycol ether||5 min|
Regular hand hygiene with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer should be practiced by anyone who has a MRSA infection, those in close contact with them, and healthcare workers who are caring for patients with MRSA.
If You Have a MRSA Infection
The CDC also recommends a number of steps you can take to prevent the spread of MRSA and S. aureus in the community:6
- Cover wounds with clean, dry bandages, particularly if they are draining or have pus, which can contain MRSA and S. aureus. Discard used bandages or tape in the trash.
- Clean hands. Hand hygiene with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer should be practiced by you, your family and others in close contact, especially after changing bandages or touching infected wounds.
- Do not share personal items such as uniforms, personal protective equipment, clothing, towels, washcloths or razors. Wash soiled clothing, sheets and towels, and dry them in a dryer on a hot setting, which will help to kill bacteria.
- Tell your doctor and any healthcare providers who treat you that you have or had a staph or MRSA skin infection.